Cultuur AndalusieThe province of Granada is well known for the cultivation of citrus-, olive- and almond trees.

This green oasis creates a peaceful environment of undisturbed nature with its colourful diversity of oranges, lemons, mandarins and olives. Small streams and irrigation channels flow gently through the valleys and end up in the "embalse" reservoir. Fishing is possible at these reservoirs. The turbulent history of the province has lead to a variety of Moorish and Roman influences.

Granada is a true paradise for shopping, tasting tapas and having a drink on the flower market, near the Cathedral. At first, modern Granada, with its traffic fumes and high-rise apartment blocks, seems a disappointing world away from its Muslim past. However, the Alhambra, dominating the skyline from its hilltop perch, and the fascinating Albayzín, the old Islamic quarter which also rises above the modern city, are highlights of a visit to Andalucía.

 

However the city has more to offer. Its setting, with the backdrop of the often snow-capped Sierra Nevada, is magnificent; its greenness is a delight in Andalucía, and its climate pleasant, especially in spring and autumn. Granada also has some impressive historic post-Reconquista (Reconquest) buildings and thanks to its university, a vibrant youthful population, a buzzing cultural life, some excellent bars and a hopping nightlife. Granada is a wealthy city with an international feel. In tandem with this wealth subsists an underclass: you'll see quite a few beggars.

 

History
Granada 's history is one of internal crises because of the existence of a powerful landowning nobility successive wars with Castile

 

Successive kings of Granada sought political support and military aid from Morocco. Moroccan recruits caused the kingdom to undergo an intense process of 'arabisation', to cut itself off from all Castilian influences, and to develop an absolute form of government based on military support.

 

The central government's economic resources depended mainly on the silk industry and on external trade; the latter flourished because of the fortunate position of the chief port, Málaga, on the route from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic . Granada paid close attention to the Strait of Gibraltar ; for a whole century its rulers made efforts to secure control of the straits, allying to this end at different times with both Morocco and Castile . In 1306 Muhammad III (ruled 1302-09), then in possession of Ceuta and Gibraltar , seemed to have succeeded, but a powerful coalition soon reduced him to the modest position of vassal of the king of Castile . After 1340, when the battle of Río Salado settled the question of the straits in Castile 's favor, Granada adopted a policy of isolation, taking advantage of any propitious circumstance to strengthen its land frontiers. It was in this period that Yusuf I (ruled 1333-54) and Muhammad V (ruled 1354-59 and 1362-91) finished building the Alhambra.